Brachial Plexus Injuries

Birth Injury Lawyer in West Virginia

Brachial Plexus refers to the nerves that conduct signals from the spine to the:

  • Shoulder
  • Arm
  • And hand

There is an upper and lower set of nerves in the Brachial Plexus.

Birth injuries to the Brachial Plexus nerves can occur at birth when there is a trauma to the infant's shoulder area, such as when the baby gets caught on the mother's pelvic bone. Since treatment may require immediate surgery and may also include prolonged therapy, it is wise to consult an attorney right away.

Nerve Damage

When the Brachial Plexus nerves are damaged, there can be reduced motor control to part of or the entire limb that these nerves are responsible for controlling. The entire arm might be paralyzed or there could be an absence of feeling in the arm or hand.

The severity of damage to these nerves can vary but it is generally classified in one of four ways. If the nerve root is actually cut or detached, this is the most severe form of damage and is called Avulsion. The classification of Rupture indicates that there is a tear in the nerve but it is still attached to the spine.


There is a condition where the signal from the spine is interfered by a nerve that is healed but has scar tissue. This is known as Neuroma. In the fourth classification, called Neuropraxia, the nerves are damaged by being stretched but not torn.

Birth injuries to the Brachial Plexus nerves can result in:

  • Erb-Duchenne Palsy
  • Or Dejerine-Klumpkie Palsy

Erb-Duchenne Palsy is a result of damage to the upper Brachial Plexus. For more information on Erb-Duchenne Palsy, see Erb's Palsy. Dejerine-Klumpkie Palsy involves damage to the upper Brachial Plexus and results in the hand being stuck in a backward position.

Treatment & Recourse

Whereas medical malpractice is not always the cause of Brachial Plexus birth injuries, this can indeed be the case and should not be overlooked. Treatments for this type of birth injury can include therapy and surgery and may leave a person with a lifelong disability.

It is important, therefore, to contact a law firm that has experience in this type of birth injury. The Fitzsimmons Law Firm PLLC is where you can contact a West Virginia injury attorney with the right knowledge and skills to help you through such an emotionally painful and trying situation. They have been in practice since 1978 and have won over 125 verdicts and settlements over $1 Million.

Contact a West Virginia brachial plexus injury lawyer from our team today to learn more!


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  • Fitzsimmons Law Firm, PLLC I was very fortunate to have had the pleasure of Bob Fitzsimmons representing me over the years, and would highly recommend his Law Firm.
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